Ushuaia is the capital of the Province of Tierra del Fuego, the southernmost of the Republic of Argentina. Founded on October 12, 1884, it is located on the shores of the Beagle Channel, surrounded by the Martial mountain range. Besides being the administrative centre of the province, it's an important spot for tourism and as a port; it is the gateway to Antarctica. The name comes from the local indigenous language, ush meaning to the bottom or to the west, and uaia meaning bay or cove ... so it means "bay that penetrates the west". The streets are steep, with red-roofed houses, and the people are lovely.