In the city Zadar (Croatia) is the biggest organ in the world and it is on the steps that go down to the ocean. And the organ sounds thanks to the rolling waves, a sound and light show, like the sunset which was the most lovely I´ve ever seen! Next door is the Sun Salutation, 300 glass panels, placed at the same level that convert solar energy into electricity, delivered at the port. Spectacular!
The Church of St Donatus is a huge round ninth century building done in the pre-Romanesque architectural sytle, and the largest building from that period in the region of Dalmatia. It has a massive dome and is located right next door to the Roman Forum. It's amazing to consider how this building has withstood wars and invasions to remain one of the best examples of Byzantine architecture in the region. Initially it was called the Church of the Holy Trinity, but it was changed in honor of Archbishop Donato, Charlemagne's ambassador in the region. He was once buried here, but when the French occupied the city in the nineteenth century, they transferred his remains to France. The church was built on some parts of the Roman Forum, and integrates some columns into its design.
Replaced in the 12th century to a Christian basilica with 3 naves. The facade is the highlight . It was erected in the 13th century with Tuscan influence. Inside, the width of the ship is amazing. It has 3 naves divided by pillars on which rest the arcades. It has 2 magnificent rosettes, the highest and lowest Romanesque and Gothic top. The choir stalls are decorated in typical flamboyant style of the early 15th century. It also highlights the dome and the first Christian mosaic.
The Roman Forum is in the center of the city of Zadar. It was constructed between the 1st and the 3rd century AD, and dedicated to the emperor Augustus, to mark territory in the area. The forum includes a temple of Jupiter, and Minerva, and you can see the officers' quarters, which were constructed on underground shops and businesses. The forum is the biggest east of the Adriatic coast. But most of the stones were used to construct the walls and forts of the city, and the churches of San Donato and Santa Maria were constructed. It was a lovely city, with marble floors, big columns, and still out of town you can see what remains of the aqueduct that brought water to the city. Not a place to visit with a guide or is closed and you have to pay admission. The ruins are part of the city and the people living around them.
It is the oldest Gothic church. The monastery is a Catholic monastery, founded in the 13th century, around the year 1220, and was consecrated in the year 1282. Over the centuries, it became the religious focal point of Zadar. There was a Franciscan school, which is now the university. You can visit the monastery, but it is under construction. They have a collection of images and documents. It is in the western part of the city, close to the point where people bathe. Near the altar, which is from the year1672 old armchairs decorated in the 14th century by Giacomo sa Borgo. It was in the sacristy that the Treaty of Zadar was signed, when the Venetians left independence to Zadar, so it could be part of Croatia.
Situated behind the Cathedral of St. Anastasia and after church of St. Donatus, you can enter for the price of 10 Kuna Kuna for adults and 5 for children and is the best vantage point of the city, with great views of the forum and all the points of interest of the old town. Be ready to climb stairs but it is worth the view as you can see in the video and photos.
It is a small, but beautiful church, with a painting of the Virgin by Blaz Jurjev of Trogir, which dates from the 15th century, that today is part of the exhibition of Permanent Ecclesiastical Art. It has a great reputation in the city, and has been very popular for hundreds of years, with many generations of inhabitants of Zadar. Located in the peaceful old quarter of Kampo Kaštelo, it was built in 1703, and stands on the site of two much older churches.
we reached the old town after leaving the port on the right. We entered the walled city, and there we found parking right along the wall. I Wonder ve controls the parking meters if you can park the motorhome and after rethinking, I answered in Italian that good but it has to be paid in coin in the machine. I said okay and I paid, 15 kunas then we fell short, because the people deserve an hour to an hour and a half. Parking was at N 44 06 706. E 15 13.816 and is the best option to leave the car and visit the old town.
The church of St. Mary in Zadar is one of the most lovely churches by the Roman Forum, next to the great church of San Donato. It was constructed in the early times of Christianity, but is now a 16th-century façade. It keeps elements of the 11th century, like the bell tower, a convent, an Orthodox church constructed over a Roman temple, which contains the best collection of historical objects in the city. Hidden by the Benedictine nuns during wartime, the collection has the gold and silver from the Byzantine era of opulence, paintings, relics', crosses are more than 1000 years old. The bell tower, sometimes called the tower in honor of King Koloman of Croatia Hungarian, was constructed in the year 1110. The church was severely damaged by the bombing in the Second World War, when Italy invaded Croatia, and it took more than 30 years to fix. It opens only for Mass.
Little remains of the ancient city, after the 1944 Allied bombings, but you can still see St Chrysogono Gate, the Gate of Zara and the famous Church of St. Donat in Zadar in the area the "Roman Forum". Zara was the old name of Zadar, and that gate is a vestige of the past, where Dalmatians sheltered, seeking protection from the Republic of Venice against Hungarian and Croatian harassment. The Lion of St. Mark, symbol of Venice, reminds us of the above.
Located very close to the city gate, which connects the peninsula with the rest of the historic city centre, lies the Medieval Tower (Kula Bablja) of Zadar. Right next to the Tower, where you can see the remains of the ancient wall that once surrounded the city, you can see five fountains (Pet Bunara) that were once used for the city's water supply.
The Sun Salutation is an art installation that is located in Zadar, near the Marine Corps. According to the architect Nikola Basic, its designer and constructor, it is a symbolic link with the nature of the area. It is a walkable glass paving which has a diameter of about 22 metres. It protects a series of solar panels and lights, and interacts with the sea organs, driven by the movement of the waves. At night, electricity is generated by the energy panel.
The Church of St Krsevan is one of the most beautiful and best preserved in the center of Zadar. After the fall of the Roman empire in the 6th century, the church received its name in 649 and was built to house the remains of St. Grisogono. The current Romanesque style structure was consecrated in 1175. The facade stands out for its simple lines, blind arches that follow the profile of the cornice, and a sequence of eight semicircular niches interspersed with columns.
The Porta Marina, which leads to the old port, was built in 1573 using Roman architectural elements such as the arch erected by Melia Anniana for the funeral of her husband. At the top, there is a plaque commemorating the Dalmatian troops who defeated the Ottomans in the historic Battle of Lepanto. At the gate you can see the ancient symbol of Zadar: St. Grisogono on horseback. The exterior is decorated with a winged lion.
The public garden that stretches along the eastern side of Zara, immediately after crossing a nineteenth century gate surrounded by two original lampposts, is the oldest in Dalmatia. Opened in 1829, in the demilitarized areas of the Grimani bastion that for centuries was one of the most solid pillars of the city walls, which were built between 1537, and 1574. The garden is a series of romantic paths that culminate in leafy shade at the top of hill. In the center of the garden, there is also a great outdoor cafe. It is ideal for a walk, or to take a refreshing break in the historical Center.