After a long train ride, we settled in Sukhothai, ancient capital of Thailand, Sukothai kingdom named "Birth of happiness." To express what you feel when you get to Wat Si Chum words are not enough. A giant Buddha carved one piece inside the temple, immense beauty.
Perhaps one of the most beautiful and interesting places in Thailand, but is obligatory to visit the Asian country. Because of its enormous size, I think the best way to visit is by bike. Don´t worry, most streets are completely flat. It's stunning beauty of the first capital of the country, a succession of small lakes and ponds, Buddha statues everywhere, temples .... Any corner is worth a picture as the light floods and invites you to enjoy the visit.
In the historic center of Sukhothai and within the city walls you will find the largest and the most important temple of Sukhothai. It is in the grounds of the Royal Palace, surrounded by lakes and covers a large area. Khmer influence is evident where you will find countless chedi, animal figures, and 8 m high buddhas. Like most major temples of Thailand it served to house the ashes of royalty from long ago. It is impressive to see that the columns are still standing and the vast amount of surrounding vegetation. Four red prang denote the 4 corners. Maps show the reconstruction that is underway and how it should look once finished. Although you can still seen the splendor of this ancient city that was the Kingdom of Thailand's capital. Open daily from 8.30 am to 16.30 pm. You must pay 40 baht (less than 1 euro) to enter the enclosure that houses the Wat Mahatat.
Greetings. One of the temples in the historic park with an unbeatable location is Wat Sa Si. Surrounded by an immense lake, accessed via a bridge like a small island. Once inside has an inland lake and all accompanied by the green vegetation of the area make it a special temple. Once over a bridge there's an image of a standing Buddha walking, from the Sukhothai era. The truth is that it is very common to see these kind of pictures totally different from the more familiar images of Buddha. It is a sculpture made of stucco and is known as "the Buddha standing" symbolizing protection and freedom from fear. It is north of Wat Mahathat and is one of the most important known as the Monastery of the sacred pool, with stupas and Buddha figure above one of them of considerable size. It is one of the quieter areas. Recommended. I leave you some pictures.
The ancient city of Sukhothai has its origins dating back to the year 1238 when it was the 1st capital of the Kingdom of Thailand and is considered one of the most interesting places in Thailand. The person in charge of keeping this city was King Ramkhamhaeng who converted it into a thriving cultural, military and economic hub. He opened diplomatic relations with China. He was the inventor of the Thai alphabet, made civil laws as well as the free market and promoted the Buddhist religion. His reign was from the 13th to the 14th centuries. Just 200 meters from the main entrance, along the street leading to Wat Mahathat, on the right we can see the monument constructed dedicated to the memory of one of the people who contributed the most to the country. With an entrance decorated with gardens and a lake at the end of a staircase you can find a bronze sculpture of a figure seated on a throne. Some say that his exploits made him the greatest monarch. There is also a bell at the entrance with a sign explaining the symbol for Thais.
To the west of the Wat Mahathat and within the walls of Sukhothai Historical Park we came across another Wat called Traphang Ngoen. They say that it was built in the fourteenth century and it is located immediately in front of a huge lake. At its sides there are channels in which float innumerable water lillies and lotus flowers as if it is in a lake. It has similar characteristics to those of Wat Sa Si located further north, we find here a Buddha sitting on a pedestal in front of a stupa shaped like a lotus. It also has a prang (temple tower) and a place for holding religious ceremonies (viharn. There is a large area where we also find a Buddha from the era (standing. This temple is known as the "Silver Lake Temple." Just across the lake is the Wat Mahathat. Another place that you should not miss if you're in the area. The best thing for me about this temple is the nature that surrounds it, getting lost in this area is something special. Its gardens and flower-filled gaps are spectacularly relaxing.
I present the Wat Si Sawai, a Hindu temple from the late 12th century which was here before Sukhothai was the capital of Thailand. Khmer style has 3 Prangs coated with stucco and decorated with many deities. Some of these fragments can be seen in the Ramkhamhaeng Museum. We also can see a chedi and Buddha and the Central Prang with a gallery connected directly from the aisle. There are many columns that precede this temple in the south within the wall about 300 meters from Wat Mahathat. There are gardens and a lake above the building. By all accounts the prince who later became King Rama VI found Sayomphú´s footprint which is the most important Hindu god of this temple. Later it became a Buddhist temple. The Prangs are well preserved and as I said before it is older than many of the temples found in this park.
Built in the late 12th century, it is thought to be related to the temples of Angkor Wat in Cambodia in the Khmer style. Hindu character is believed to be the period in which King Suriyavarman II reigned in Cambodia between the years 1113 and 1150 AD. Many valuable objects and figures of gods are kept today in the Museum Ramkhamhaeng. During the times of Rama V this temple was included on maps and is near the north gate of the wall. The Sanctuary of the Deity consists of a single Prang at the end of a hall with indoor galleries on a base in the form of a lotus flower. It´s fascinating and its on the way to other sanctuaries and temples outside of the walls.
We got to one of the park's most iconic temples. This stands out from the others by a stupa whose base is decorated with depictions of elephants. This type of style is Sri Lankan which was constructed during the time of the capital of Sukhothai. This concept is based on the elephant being the animal to defend the temples and Buddhism. It is close to Ta Pha Doeng , just a little further north and was conceived by the governor of Sukhothai. Later a monk named Nai Inthara Sorasak constructed the chedi to honor the governor. There are stone inscriptions to confirm it. Family members of the governor were invited to stay here and to perform religious ceremonies and other events. Right behind was the temple chedi which today is based on the principle of the columns. It is somewhat different in this temple so I recommend a visit. A temple in which the animal is worshiped helped a person both in field work and in the war. In the photos you can see what was the temple and how it will look when rebuilding is finished.
It is outside the walls of the heart of town but next to Wat Mahathat and one of the biggest and most significant of Sukhothai. It was constructed in the twelth century during the reign of Jayavarman VII, Khmer, the king who also constructed Angkor Thom. Like many other temples in Thailand this one was of Indian origin and was a Buddhist temple. Little remains of this temple to get an idea of what was there but its structure is like many other Buddhist temples. It was alligned east-west with their most important pictures facing east. We also saw many depictions of Buddha, a prayer room. Only one of the Prangs you can still see remnants of, from the Khmer culture. After seeing the city we did not expect to find 500 meters beyond the walls through the north gate, San Luang Gate, a temple of this size but this temple is from the ancient city of Sukhothai. We were exhausted afterwards from the heat.