Cafayate is a region with a long history, and where there are indigenous settlements going back 900 years. In 1400 the Incas arrived from Peru, and in 1535 the Spanish arrived, and they entered by the Quebrada de Humahuaca. Cafayate is the vibrant center of the calchaquíes valleys of Salta, and since Mendoza after is the best wine producing region of Argentina, Torrontés stands out in this production, with strains of Spanish origin.
Skip is the biggest city to be situated in the northwest of Argentina. It has a population of half a million people, and much of its importance is due to the railwas as it controls its geographical location and links it with Bolivia and northern Chile. It is an important agricultural region, with corn, snuff, cereals, sugarcane and soybeans, from Salta and these goods are exported worldwide. It features some beautiful municipal gardens, and many colonial buildings which are a well preserved valuable addition to the cathedral basilica and the arcaded main square, which is a perfect place to enjoy a coffee on the terrace while catching up on the news by reading the Sunday morning newspaper.
Situated just a few meters away from the Cathedral, the Basilica and Convent of San Francisco, was declared a National Historic Landmark. It is without a doubt the most striking and beautiful temple to be found in the city of Salta. Its origin dates back to the year 1582, although the weakness of the first building and a terrible fire in the middle of the 18th Century meant that the church has been re-build or reformed several times. The present church, a striking neoclassical style, is from the eighteenth century and displays influences (especially in the domes) of the Spanish cathedrals of Zamora and Salamanca.
This is Salta's central square, surrounded by historic buildings with beautiful pastel colours. A highlight is the controversial Archaeological Museum, showing Incan objects that have been found throughout the Andes - but in fact, its most famous pieces are the mummified remains of three Incan girls sacrificed and buried alive in the top of a nearby volcano. In any case, the square is really a nice place to stroll under the trees when the heat is too high.
On top of a hill from where you can see the whole city, you get to San Bernardo hill by a winding, picturesque road, covered with flowers of various colours, yellow pansies, violets, pink and white, on very well kept lawns, and among those who are mixed bright and colorful lilies and petunias. This trail follows a Via Crucis and after traveling 10 kms on foot or in a vehicle you reach the top. It is 1454 ms above sea level and 269 meters from the city of Salta. There we found a Christ Redeemer and a crucifix, and the excellent view from the lookout point where you see not only the city, but also a good part of the Valle de Lerma. You can get to the top in the modern cable car that leaves from San Martin Park. A walk to recommend.
Across the square of July 9, and steps from the Cathedral and Church of San Francisco, this lovely building, symbol of the city of Salta, is the best preserved of Argentina. Constructed in the year 1780 in a colonial style, the building remains unchanged. Today, you there are two interesting museums: the Museo Histórico del Norte, and the Colonial Museum and Fine Arts. The schedule to visit the Cabildo are Tuesday to Sunday from 9.30 am to 13.30 pm and from Tuesday to Friday from 15.30 to 20.30 . Saturdays it is open from 16.30 to 20.30 hs.
The MAAM (Montaña Alta Archaeological Museum) is located in downtown Salta, near the Plaza 9 de Julio. Even if you're not a museum-lover, it's worth a trip because it's quite small and quick to get around. It allows visitors to understand what life was like in the old villages. The museum is best known for the three mummies of children, children of Llullaillaco, discovered in 1999, on the slopes of a volcano of over 6,000 m. The peculiarity of these mummies dating from the fifteenth century, is that they are so well-preserved. Inca children were allegedly killed in a human sacrifice, as offerings to the gods, but they look very peaceful, as if they're resting. Museum open Tuesday to Sunday - 9h-13h and 16h-21h
The Cloud Train leaving from the city´s train station in Salta to the Viaduct of Polvorilla takes you on a tour of an impressive work of 20th Century engineering achievement. The adrenaline and excitement are the sensations and feelings that it evokes in you. I advise that you do not eat anything before you leave, you have water handy and just ask coca tea or chewing coca because of the low air pressure and the low levels of oxygen. The train was perfectly equipped for it, with an great heating system, although these days in Salta we didn´t need a coat because it was very hot, we wore short-sleeved shirts, but when you go up to San Antonio, the temperature drops abruptly, there are places where you see the ice and the highest peaks snow-capped. The trip is very long but entertaining. You stop for landscapes and photos at each stop. Getting to San Antonio of the Coppers was quite a party and I felt a great feeling when we were so close to heaven and that immensity became our flag and we sang the national anthem. The train departs every Wednesday, Friday and Sunday at 7:05 pm. From Salta, and returns at 10.15 pm.
Hopefully many of you have had the opportunity to visit my country, especially the north. There are some beautiful places up there where the people are very friendly. The attached photo is one of those places. It's a town called Iruya, which you can get to by taking kind of a brutal walk, but it's worth it to get there. PS: The model pictured is me.
The Convento de San Bernardo is the oldest religious building in Salta, dating back to the late sixteenth or early seventeenth century. It's located on Calle Caseros and was built in honor of San Bernardo Abad, one of the patrons of the city. Its carved door (dating to 1762) is a real jewel of colonial art. It is not open to to the public as a Carmelite monastery has lived here since the mid-nineteenth century. It was declared a National Historical Monument in 1941
You have to be there to understand it correctly. Who was Guemes? Why does a town love him even though many years have passed by? Who were and are the gauchos? This is where we begin to understand this lovely history of love and fidelity ... Read more: http://bit.ly/M9ZSKS
The Church "San Jose" is situated, as it is in all villages, just off the square. Construction began during the mid-17th Century. Its walls are made of adobe and its foundations are built on boulders. The wooden ceiling teasel has 3 bells in a belfry and its style is Gothic, the nave is 35 meters tall. The high altar is surmounted by a figure of God the Father with two angels at his side, made with very bright colors. The niches display images of the patron Saint Joseph, a Calvary and St. Peter and above those of San Isidro and Santa Dominican. On the left, there is a cross chapel and a beautiful picture of Nazarene, wearing an 18th Century dress. The current façade was refurbished in the year 1947 by Mora Nadal. This Parish was declared a National Monument in 1945. This information is taken from the Municipality of Cachi.
A charming city, full of both tranquility and life ... calmer than any other I saw in Latin America. The best part has to be the parks, and my particular favourite was the San Martin Park. It was dedicated to the memory of the Argentines who died fighting for independence. A wonderful place to go to relax.
Within the streets of Valles Calchaquies you will find Cachi, whose meaning is salt in the kakana language (the oldest language) and you get there touring the mountains, sometimes red, sometimes gray and pink, viewing in the distance the imposing Pico Nevado de Cachi that has a height 6700m, on the road that crosses the Cardones National Park by the line "Tin Tin" named for the perfection of its design and the amazing landscape of giant cacti, has unveiled the town of Salta where you can find two important archaeological sites and a few kilometres from here you will find the hamlet Cachi Adentro which begins at the junction of the rivers Cachi and Calchaquí. Cachi has the characteristics of a colonial town that reconciles and harmonises with the details found in pre-Columbian art. There they produce alfalfa, vegetables, paprika and there is also a small vineyard and winery that are among the highest in the world.
The environment here is quite hostile for man. The height is synonymous with low atmospheric pressure, and therefore less oxygen in the air. However, the attraction of The Coppers than compensates for altitude sickness, or altitude sickness as it is called in the area. The village is filled with the splendor of legend and mineral wealth. This is a unique place where indigenous physiognomy traps with simple architecture, and visitors are just amazed by the surrounding landscape. In August there are celebrations for the Pachamama, a female god, who is the god of producing, blessing and engendering and lives in the bowels of the earth. In order to clean the whole house, the families do a great deal of putting together all of the garbage, putting out incense, they place in a large shovel fathoms, which added plants in the area (chacha and pupusa) and with this preparation sahúman houses knees and apologize to Mother Earth and goods received thank praying together. Then make a big hole in the ground and in incense add alcohol, Creole food and strong drinks containers, which are then plugged into the next year. Meanwhile people drink alcohol with their friends and place amulets made with black and white threads that called Yoki (Llojke)
Reaching this place, a natural amphitheater that starts with a deep scar in the rock caused by erosion and abundance of water, it is impossible to describe. Surrounded by colorful mountains in which it highlights an intense red, it is entering a field where not only the magnificence of its landscape but prevailing religion in place, combine to make it a mysterious and peaceful place. Although unfortunately it did not come out in the picture, there is a figure of Christ made by an artist called Salta which he called "The Christ of Humility and Patience", a Christ granted that is a replica of a Spanish Creole with blackened hair and beard. In numerous occasions there have been several festivals of classical, folk and Cafayate and have not only been there Eduardo Falu, Ariel Ramirez, Duo Chalchaleros Coplanacu and among many others, but also sets Corals and Salta Symphony Orchestra, taking advantage of the magnificent acoustics of this magical place. La Garganta del Diablo, near the amphitheater, is a huge almost circular wall over 50 meters high, carved in red sandstone typical of the place.
Church 200 years old, surrounded by huge mountains and indigenous communities. Green pastures with rare insects ... Not seen in your region. In this church, you can see the construction of hundreds of years, see how they lived and what they did. Know a little more about the culture.