In 1864 the building of Santa Marta Lighthouse started on the fort of the same name. Four years later it was opened, with a small tower and a steady red light.
In 1980 and 1981 the lighthouse was fully automated. In 2000 the lamp units were moved to the Municipality of Cascais for the creation of a museum dedicated to the lamps. The museum opened on July 27, 2007.
Cascais is one of the most touristy places in Portugal
Location: Forte de Santa Marta, Cascais [38º 41'25.14'' N, 9 ° 25' 0.29'' W]
The Lighthouse of Nazaré first shone its light on December 1, 1903, after a long process which included the expropriation of the Fort of S. Miguel to be converted into a lighthouse keeper's home. It is about 2 miles from Nazaré, and has spectacular views over the ocean.
Peniche Fortress was the largest entry point by sea in ancient Portugal. During its existence was for various uses such as providing a safe haven for refugees from Boer early twentieth century, or serve as a prison for political prisoners between 1934 and 1974. Since 1984 it houses the City Museum. Access to the fort is free of charge. Worth a visit even if you enter the museum, since from the fortress you can see beautiful views of the coast and the Consolaçao beach. I highly recommended a visit.
The idea of building Cabo Carvoeiro Lighthouse was approved in 1758. The original tower, 21 meters high, came into use in 1790. It is near the town of Peniche, in an area of dramatic limestone cliffs. Around here you must be very careful because of the instability of the rocks and dangerous holes. The cliffs look like gruyere cheese. Its location : Cabo Carvoeiro [36 º 21 'N, 9 ° 24' W]
The Cloister of Silence Alcobaça Monastery (Alcobaça, Portugal) falls in love with the purity and simplicity of its lines. It was constructed between the years 1308 and 1311, during the reign of King Dinis. The galleries have arches and vaults, which communicate with the center for windows that form arches, supported by columns. The capitals are simply decorated, some are embellished with vegetables and dragons. In the gallery is the living Eastern Chapter, in the north gallery is the entrance to the refectory, the kitchen and monks. Opposite the refectory is the temple of the washing which is usual of all the Cistercian cloisters. The upper gallery was added during the Manueline period, in the sixteenth century. I was admired around the Monastery of Alcobaça and excited. The Cloister of Silence is as the name suggests, a haven of peace.
From the early sixteenth century lights were placed in the chapel of Nossa Senhora da Guia as a navigation aid. The local fellowship paid for the construction of the first tower and its maintenance, but this was destroyed by the 1755 earthquake and a new building was built in 1761. It has a steady white light and a 13 miles range on a 240 ° sector, location - Cascais [38 º 41 '44.17'' N, 9 ° 26' 47.43'' W].
The Forte do Cavalo lighthouse is in the old Fort of S. Teodósio, built between 1648 and 1652 in Ponta do Cavalo, in the village of Sesimbra, Setúbal, which is now quite a tourist area. The lighthouse was installed on top of the strong battery in 1895. It began operating on September 15, 1896, at 35m high with its steady red light, white painted iron tower measuring 6 m tall.
Of Cultural Interest in Oeiras e São Julião da Barra
The Gibalta Lighthouse, together with the headlights Mama Esteiro, serve to define the bar threading southern port of Lisbon, Portugal. In 1952 a landslide destroyed the lighthouse and it fell on the railroad tracks. The new lighthouse was built 30 meters from where the old one stood, and it became operational on February 10, 1954. In 1981 it was fully automated. Its current appearance, with the white painted tower and dome ribs and red, is fairly recent. Until 1973 its color was gray, and that was the year the tower was painted white, which remained for a few years. It's located between Caxias and Cruz Quebrada, Oeiras at [38 º 42 '.02 N, 9 ° 15' .89 W]. Check it out if you can.
Of Cultural Interest in Oeiras e São Julião da Barra
The Lighthouse S. Julião da Barra is in the fortress that serves as the official residence of the National Defence Minister. The Lighthouse S. Julião is very significant for Lisbon's sailors because, along with the Bugio Lighthouse, it serves as the entrance/exit of the Lisbon Barra, called the "step between the towers". It's the spot that marks the exit to the ocean or the return back home. It is a beach area where Lisbon locals come to enjoy the weekend. Location: Forte de S. Julião da Barra de Lisboa, Oeiras [38 º 40 'N, 9 ° 19'W]
The lighthouse of Cabo Raso, installed at Fort S. Brás, was approved by the Lighthouse Committee (April 1885) - a 15 meter tower with housing that could emit a white flash every minute. Due to budgetary problems an old Olhão optical device was finally installed, it was mounted on a carriage that was collected during the day, with a range 5 miles. The 13 meter iron tower was finally built in 1915, the focal plane was 23 meters. In 1922 a new optical device was installed, its characteristic red light was fixed to 2 flashes every 10 seconds. Sintra is a beautiful city well that's worth a leisurely visit.
They are in the Alcobaça Monastery (Alcobaça, Portugal) Inside the church of St. Mary dating from the thirteenth century and has a Latin cross. A large ship and purity unmatched lines. In the transepts are located the tombs of King Peter and Queen Ines de Castro. A flamboyant Gothic gems. The history of these kings is tragic and beautiful at the same time. And I was impressed as I met her. I tell it: Dom Pedro fell in love with the maid of honor of his wife Constance of Castile. Dom Pedro's father, King Alfonso IV, exiled Ines and do not approve of the relationship. When dying Constance lovers secretly married and had several children. King Alfonso IV in the absence of Dom Pedro allowed Ines murdered. Enraged upon hearing of the tragedy Dom Pedro unleashed a civil war against his father and had to negotiate peace with him. Soon after the king died and Dom Pedro began his revenge against the murderers of his beloved after torturing cruelly killing. A Ines constructed a tomb (the Alcobaça Monastery-Church of Santa Maria) and did exhume his body that was in the Monastery of Santa Clara a Velha Coimbra-Portugal . Dressed in royal finery, they placed the royal crown and sat on the throne. Peter and King, forced the court of to kiss the hand to the "queen". No doubt his love was deep. They say that when King Dom Pedro died commanded the two mounds placed in the church so as to reach the Final Judgment and awakening, 2 lovers return to rediscover. The history and legends intertwine and make the places we visit are full of mystery and magic.